Erscheinungsdatum: 08/2012, Medium: Taschenbuch, Einband: Kartoniert / Broschiert, Titel: Understanding decision-making in basketball, Titelzusatz: The irreducible uncertainty of dyadic attacker-defender clashes, Autor: Esteves, Pedro, Verlag: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing, Sprache: Englisch, Rubrik: Sport // Allgemeines, Lexika, Handbücher, Seiten: 140, Informationen: Paperback, Gewicht: 226 gr, Verkäufer: averdo
Understanding decision-making in basketball ab 58.99 € als Taschenbuch: The irreducible uncertainty of dyadic attacker-defender clashes. Aus dem Bereich: Bücher, Ratgeber, Sport,
Older adults rarely face the stress of living withadvanced cancer in a social vacuum. Partners andspouses are profoundly affected by, and contribute to thepatient s experience with illness. Partners provide the bulk of emotionaland physical support and share in medical decision-making, treatment adherence and psychosocial adjustment.Psycho-oncology research primarily emphasizes the individual responses of patientsand partners toillness. Relatively little empirical attention hasbeen paid to thepartner relationship, and less to older couples. Thisstudy examined the subjective and intersubjective experiences, andcommunication and support processes of 35 oldercouples livingwith advanced cancer. Data collected through focused,semi-structured interviews with patients and partners recruited froman urban cancer center were analyzed within individual, micro-socialand macro-social contexts, and systematically coded usinggrounded theory methods. Study findings suggest couples struggle tointegrate often-conflicting individual and dyadic discoursesacross three contextual domains: dyadic structure and care, dyadic communication, and dyadic meaning-making.
Dynamical approach to decisions and actions in team sports suggest that decision making can emerge from attacker-defender dynamics sustain on perception- action couplings. The general aim of this research is searching a lawful description of decisional behavior in 1vs1 in rugby. In our research distinct task constraints of rugby, may display similar instances of interpersonal coordination. Our methods used a 3D image measurement technique and artificial neural networks. From data we identify chaotic features, which originated the conceptual model that describe dyadic behavior with three coordination patterns hypothesized as attractors. The first step to model measurement was identifying a collective variable. The data indicated: i) decision-making in rugby characterized as a self-organized process, ii) two nested control parameters, iii) critical periods as open windows to regions of criticality. Attacker-defender system as a whole can be described by order parameter dynamics. We formally model a three attractor s task to described dyads behavioural dynamics using differential equations and potential functions.
We investigated decision-making and interpersonal coordination under constraints, such as posture of the opponent and angular relations of the performers to the scoring target, in basketball. Affordance-based decisions of the attacker, of which side to drive to the basket, depended on feet positioning of the defender, at small interpersonal distances scaled for each dyad. The alignment between the attacker and defender to the basket constrained the decision of the attacker of which side to move past the defender. To succeed, attackers moved quickly in order to increase their relative angle with the defender and basket, while enclosing the interpersonal distance. Dyadic coordination tendencies, expressed by longitudinal and lateral displacements, were also constrained by the relative angle of performers to the basket. Our experimental findings suggested that a continuum of informational constraints, related with the posture of the opponent and angular relations between performers and basket, might have shaped the exploration of emerging possibilities for action at different spatial and temporal scales.
Recent research on joint or dyadic decision making has received renewed attention from behavioral scientists. This interest is due mostly to the advances in analytic and conceptual models used to study interaction processes. A number of related disciplines have used distinctive paradigms to study the same focal problem: namely, the processes by which two people interact, come to resolve a problem and, finally, reach a decision. Dyadic Decision Making presents in a single, integrated volume the conceptual and analytic strategies developed in communications research, marketing, psychology and sociology to investigate joint decision making.
Now in a thoroughly revised and updated edition, this classic text presents a comprehensive survey of the many alternative theories that attempt to explain the causes of interstate war. For each theory, Greg Cashman examines the arguments and counterarguments, considers the empirical evidence and counterevidence generated by social-science research, looks at historical applications of the theory, and discusses the theory's implications for restraining international violence. Among the questions he explores are: Are humans aggressive by nature? Do individual differences among leaders matter? How might poor decision making procedures lead to war? Why do leaders engage in seemingly risky and irrational policies that end in war? Why do states with internal conflicts seem to become entangled in wars with their neighbors? What roles do nationalism and ethnicity play in international conflict? What kinds of countries are most likely to become involved in war? Why have certain pairs of countries been particularly war-prone over the centuries? Can strong states deter war? Can we find any patterns in the way that war breaks out? How do balances of power or changes in balances of power make war more likely? Do social scientists currently have an answer to the question of what causes war? Cashman examines theories of war at the individual, substate, nation-state, dyadic, and international systems level of analysis. Written in a clear and accessible style, this interdisciplinary text will be essential reading for all students of international relations.