Wargaming can be an effective training mechanism and tool to analyse risk - including an assessment of threat and harm - and aid in strategic decision-making. However, its powers have not yet been sufficiently harnessed to the benefit of intelligence analysis, especially in the area of law enforcement and criminal intelligence. Intelligence analysis - the product and process - is challenging. From the outset, the process of answering an intelligence question can be marred by the accessibility and availability of excessive, insufficient or deceptive information. It is further complicated by the analyst's mindset, and inherent bias that exists in information, as well as those that the analyst brings. This paper proposes that wargaming can be added to the suite of analytic tools that an analyst has available to them. It shows that wargaming can be both an effective tool to aid in the training of intelligence practitioners, as well as assist in the production of rigorous and contestable analytic argumentation. In this way, wargaming has the potential to provide analysts with some clarity in the complex environments within which they work.
Editorials play a key role in setting agenda on current issues in the society.They target a literate readership that is in a position of decision making and influence. They are, therefore, expected to be argumentative in language and structure.Based on Rhetorical Structure Theory and the Lexicogrammatical approach,the book discusses the rhetorical structure in the Kenyan newspaper editorials with the view to showing whether they adhere to argumentation structure and how they rhetorically appeal to the readers. The book is a valuable contribution to Genre Analysis, Rhetoric and Media communication.
This book focuses on teaching ethics in primary science classrooms. Such teaching is important because it engages students not only in the human aspects of science, but also in science more generally, leading to enhanced scientific literacy and ultimately contributing to responsible citizenship. Teaching ethics in science also presents opportunities for developing students argumentation, critical thinking and decision-making skills, and helps students become more ethically aware, knowledgeable and discerning in science. Ethics in science has a prominent role in the New Zealand Curriculum within the nature of science strand in the science learning area. However, there is a paucity of research demonstrating how this might be implemented with primary-age students. This work determines firstly whether primary students can engage in ethical discussions in science. Secondly, it focuses on the question of support needed for primary teachers and whether it is helpful for teachers to use a subject-specific planner for teaching ethics in science.
The issuance of thousands of quarantine orders duringthe SARS outbreak raised difficult questions aboutthe legitimacy of using restrictive measures in democratic societies. This inquirycombines empirical research with conceptualscholarship to establish foundational justificatorypower for restrictive interventions, which thedominant utilitarian justification lacks. It isargued that, to respect rights, while being committedto the common good, we must move beyond thesee-sawing between ostensibly competing requirementstoward a conception that gives equal weight to public health and human rights, that is, one where bothimperatives the community and the individual refer to one another without dissolving into theother based on their intersubjective recognition.Following a Habermasian account of opening processesof decision-making to a moral-practical discourse, itis further argued that public health ethics offers animportant site for integrating his model of discourse ethics within public health deliberations to expand the scope of moral argumentation on-and ultimately to ground the justification of--the use of restrictive measures.
Decision making is an essential part of our life and we naturally strive to support decisions by arguments, today, the Internet is an obvious place to search for them. Unfortunately, general-purpose search engines often fail to represent search results in a suitable way (e.g., contrasting supporting and opposing arguments). This work analyzes a corpus of ca. 80 German web documents about current educational topics for argumentation patterns. Significance testing experiments explore the role of discource markers and discourse relations in argumentation and classification experiments point towards Argument Extraction.