This book evaluates the impact of the 2001 central government reforms on effective foreign policy making in Japan. It puts a special focus on the evolution of the domestic institutional factors and decision-making processes behind Japans foreign policy, while also analyzing the development of Japans external relations with various other countries, such as the US, China and North Korea. Adhering to the neoclassical realist approach, the authors show that, thanks to a more independent Kantei-based form of diplomacy, Japans prime ministers were able to strategically respond to international developments, and to pursue their own diplomatic endeavors more boldly. At the same time, they demonstrate that the effectiveness of this proactive posture was still heavily dependent on the decision-makers ability to form cohesive coalitions and select suitable institutional tools, which enabled them to influence domestic and international affairs. Karol Zakowski , PhD (2010) and habilitation (2016) in political science, is an Associate Professor of International Relations at the Department of Asian Studies, Faculty of International and Political Studies, University of Lodz. He was a visiting scholar at the Kwansei Gakuin University (2008-2009), Keio University (2012-2013, Japan Foundation Japanese Studies Fellowship), and National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies in Tokyo (2016). His research focuses on the evolution of the Japanese political scene and Sino-Japanese relations. He is author of Decision-Making Reform in Japan: The DPJs Failed Attempt at a Politician-Led Government (London and New York: Routledge, 2015), as well as other books, journal articles, and book chapters. Beata Bochorodycz is an Associate Professor at the Chair of Oriental Studies, Adam Mickiewicz University (AMU) in Poznan. MA in Japanese studies at AMU (1993); MA in law at the Law Department of Kyushu University, specializing in Japanese politics (2001); PhD at the Institute of Political Studies, Polish Academy of Science (PAN) in Warsaw (2006). Additionally, she was a fellow of the International Rotary Club (1993-1995), the Japanese Ministry of Education (1997-2001), and Japan Foundation (2013-2014). Visiting Professor at Yokohama National University (2008-2009), and visiting scholar at GRIPS in Tokyo (Sep.-Oct. 2016). Research focus: modern political and social history of Japan, policy process in public administration, foreign policy, the Okinawa problem in Japan-US relations. An author of several articles and books, including The Changing Patterns of Policy Making in Japan (Poznan: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2010). Marcin Socha , PhD (2015) in international relations, is an Assistant Professor of International Relations at the Department of Asian Studies, Faculty of International and Political Studies, University of Lodz. His research focuses on changes in Japanese energy and climate policy. He is a research associate in the Center for Asian Affairs in Lodz, Poland, with a focus on Japans paradiplomacy and policy towards Central and Eastern Europe.
Emphasizes practical issues and examples of decision making with applications in engineering design and management Featuring a blend of theoretical and analytical aspects, Engineering Decision Making and Risk Management presents multiple perspectives on decision making to better understand and improve risk management processes and decision-making systems. Engineering Decision Making and Risk Management uniquely presents and discusses three perspectives on decision making: problem solving, the decision-making process, and decision-making systems. The author highlights formal techniques for group decision making and game theory and includes numerical examples to compare and contrast different quantitative techniques. The importance of initially selecting the most appropriate decision-making process is emphasized through practical examples and applications that illustrate a variety of useful processes. Presenting an approach for modeling and improving decision-making systems, Engineering Decision Making and Risk Management also features: Theoretically sound and practical tools for decision making under uncertainty, multi-criteria decision making, group decision making, the value of information, and risk management Practical examples from both historical and current events that illustrate both good and bad decision making and risk management processes End-of-chapter exercises for readers to apply specific learning objectives and practice relevant skills A supplementary website with instructional support material, including worked solutions to the exercises, lesson plans, in-class activities, slides, and spreadsheets An excellent textbook for upper-undergraduate and graduate students, Engineering Decision Making and Risk Management is appropriate for courses on decision analysis, decision making, and risk management within the fields of engineering design, operations research, business and management science, and industrial and systems engineering. The book is also an ideal reference for academics and practitioners in business and management science, operations research, engineering design, systems engineering, applied mathematics, and statistics. Jeffrey W. Herrmann, PhD, is Associate Professor at the University of Maryland, where he holds a joint appointment with the Department of Mechanical Engineering and the Institute for Systems Research. A member of the Institute of Industrial Engineers, the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, and the American Society for Engineering Education, Dr. Herrmanns research interests include production scheduling, decision making in product development, and public health preparedness planning.
This book presents in a concise and accessible way why the EU institutional system exists in its present form, how the EU fits into the world as a system of governance, and who is involved in EU policy processes. It outlines the historical context which has shaped the EU system, gives a summary of the systems basic principles and structures, and describes its actors, procedures and instruments. The main theme is to show that EU decision-making is not just a matter of action at some higher and separate level, of them and us, but rather that it involves different forms of cooperation between European, national and regional authorities, as well as interaction between public and private actors. Numerous short case studies illustrate how peoples day-to-day activities are affected by EU decisions, and how individuals concerns are represented in the decision-making process. The book provides insights and examples which will be very helpful for all students of European integration. It will also be a valuable resource for European citizens wishing to understand the basic realities and rationales, as well as some of the dilemmas, behind EU policy-making. Edward Best (1958) is Head of Unit at the European Institute of Public Administration (EIPA), Maastricht, and honorary Senior Fellow of Maastricht University. He specializes in European institutions and the political aspects of European integration as well as comparative regionalism and the management of regional organizations. He has been responsible for successive framework contracts to provide training services to the EU institutions on European governance, and has given regular courses in the European Commission and EU Agencies. He is the author of EU Law-Making in Principle and Practice (Routledge, 2014). He is co-editor of The Institutions of the Enlarged European Union (Edward Elgar, 2008) with Thomas Christiansen and Pierpaolo Settembri, and of Rethinking the European Union: IGC 2000 and Beyond (EIPA, 2000) with Mark Gray and Alexander Stubb, and has published numerous articles on the EU and institutional arrangements for regional integration.
Designed to accompany Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics and Nelson Essentials of Pediatrics, Pediatric Decision-Making Strategies is a concise, user-friendly reference uses a unique algorithmic approach to facilitate diagnosis, testing, and basic treatment of common pediatric disorders . For any given symptom, an algorithm guides the reader through the appropriate investigative procedures and lab tests to reach definitive diagnoses. An updated format that enhances usability makes this medical reference book a must-have for medical students, residents, and practitioners treating pediatric patients. Explore concise, focused, and updated algorithms that cover the most common pediatric problems. Gain imperative knowledge from an expert author team that includes Dr. Robert M. Kliegman (of the Nelson line of textbooks), as well as references to related chapters in both Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics and Nelson Essentials of Pediatrics . Quickly access important information with a new standard format and trim size for practicality and usability. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader .
This book clarifies the meaning of the most important and pervasive concepts and tools in bioethical argumentation (principles, values, dignity, rights, duties, deliberation, prudence) and assesses the methodological suitability of the main methods for clinical decision-making and argumentation. The first part of the book is devoted to the most developed or promising approaches regarding bioethical argumentation, namely those based on principles, values and human rights. The authors then continue to deal with the contributions and shortcomings of these approaches and suggest further developments by means of substantive and procedural elements and concepts from practical philosophy, normative systems theory, theory of action, human rights and legal argumentation. Furthermore, new models of biomedical and health care decision-making, which overcome the aforementioned criticism and stress the relevance of the argumentative responsibility, are included.
Behavioral strategy continues to attract increasing research interest within the broader field of strategic management. Research in behavioral strategy has clear scope for development in tandem with such traditional streams of strategy research that involve economics, markets, resources, and technology. The key roles of psychology, organizational behavior, and behavioral decision making in the theory and practice of strategy have yet to be comprehensively grasped. Given that strategic thinking and strategic decision making are importantly concerned with human cognition, human decisions, and human behavior, it makes eminent sense to bring some balance in the strategy field by complementing the extant emphasis on the objective economics-based view with substantive attention to the subjective individual-oriented perspective. This calls for more focused inquiries into the role and nature of the individual strategy actors, and their cognitions and behaviors, in the strategy research enterprise. For the purposes of this book series, behavioral strategy would be broadly construed as covering all aspects of the role of the strategy maker in the entire strategy field. The scholarship relating to behavioral strategy is widely believed to be dispersed in diverse literatures. These existing contributions that relate to behavioral strategy within the overall field of strategy has been known and perhaps valued by most scholars all along, but were not adequately appreciated or brought together as a coherent sub-field or as a distinct perspective of strategy. This book series on Research in Behavioral Strategy will cover the essential progress made thus far in this admittedly fragmented literature and elaborate upon fruitful streams of scholarship. More importantly, the book series will focus on providing a robust and comprehensive forum for the growing scholarship in behavioral strategy. In particular, the volumes in the series will cover new views of interdisciplinary theoretical frameworks and models (dealing with all behavioral aspects), significant practical problems of strategy formulation, implementation, and evaluation, and emerging areas of inquiry. The series will also include comprehensive empirical studies of selected segments of business, economic, industrial, government, and non-profit activities with potential for wider application of behavioral strategy. Through the ongoing release of focused topical titles, this book series will seek to disseminate theoretical insights and practical management information that will enable interested professionals to gain a rigorous and comprehensive understanding of the subject of behavioral strategy. Decision Making in Behavioral Strategy contains contributions by leading scholars in the field of behavioral strategy research. The 10 chapters in this volume cover a number of significant issues relating to the decision making processes, practices, and perspectives in the field of behavioral strategy, covering diverse topics such as failures in acquisitions, entrepreneurs under ambiguity, metacognition, neural correlates of emotion, knowledge flows, behavioral responses, business modeling, and alliance capability. The chapters include empirical as well as conceptual treatments of the selected topics, and collectively present a wide-ranging review of the noteworthy research perspectives on decision making in behavioral strategy.
This book sheds light on the emotional side of risk taking behaviour using an innovative cross-disciplinary approach, mixing financial competences with psychology and affective neuroscience. In doing so, it shows the implications for market participants and regulators in terms of transparency and communication between intermediaries and customers. LUISA ANDERLONI Full Professor of Corporate Finance at the Faculty of Political SCiences, University of Milan, Italy ROSITA BORLIMI psychotherapist at the Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, Italy NICOLETTA MARINELLI iResearch Fellow in Economics of Financial Intermediaries at the Faculty of Economics, La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy CAMILLA MAZZOLI Assistant Professor of Economics of Financial Intermediaries at the Faculty of Economics, Polytechnic University of Marche, Ancona, Italy VALERIA NUCIFORA psychotherapist at the Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, Italy CRISTINA OTTAVIANI postdoc at the Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, Italy GIULIO PALOMBA Assistant Professor of Econometrics at the Faculty of Economics, Polytechnic University of Marche, Ancona, Italy DANIELA VANDONE Assistant Professor of Economics of Financial Intermediaries at the Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Milan, Italy
This book is an extension of the authors first book and serves as a guide and manual on how to specify and compute 2-, 3-, and 4-Event Bayesian Belief Networks (BBN). It walks the learner through the steps of fitting and solving fifty BBN numerically, using mathematical proof. The author wrote this book primarily for inexperienced learners as well as professionals, while maintaining a proof-based academic rigor. The authors first book on this topic, a primer introducing learners to the basic complexities and nuances associated with learning Bayes theorem and inverse probability for the first time, was meant for non-statisticians unfamiliar with the theorem-as is this book. This new book expands upon that approach and is meant to be a prescriptive guide for building BBN and executive decision-making for students and professionals; intended so that decision-makers can invest their time and start using this inductive reasoning principle in their decision-making processes. It highlights the utility of an algorithm that served as the basis for the first book, and includes fifty 2-, 3-, and 4-event BBN of numerous variants. Jeff Grover, PhD, is Founder and Chief Research Scientist at Grover Group, Inc., where he specializes in Bayes Theorem and its application to strategic economic decision making through Bayesian Belief Networks (BBN). He specializes in blending economic theory and BBN to maximize stakeholder wealth. He is a winner of the Kentucky Innovation Award (2015) for the application of his proprietary BBN big data algorithm. He has operationalized BBN in the healthcare industry, evaluating the Medicare Hospital Compare data; in the Department of Defense, conducting research with U.S. Army Recruiting Command to determine optimal levels of required recruiters for recruiting niche market medical professionals; and in the agriculture industry in optimal soybean selection. In the area of economics, he was recently contracted by the Department of Energy, The Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Management and Operating Contractor for the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, to conduct a 3rd party evaluation of the Hydrogen Financial Analysis Scenario (H2FAST) Tool.
This book examines a crucial question about small states and their governments influence in the European Union (EU) decision-making processes. - Are EU small member state governments influential in EU decision-making processes? In other words, do they exercise influence in these processes? And if so, how and at which stage do they do this? This book seeks to answer the above questions by focusing on Malta - the smallest state in the EU - and whether it exercises influence in uploading its preferences in two distinct stages of EU legislative decision-making processes - decision-shaping (formation) and decision-taking (adoption). The cases selected and analyzed showcase the Maltese governments behaviour in legislative negotiations in differing EU policy spheres that are extremely relevant to it. These are the adoption of EU directives on pyrotechnic articles (falling under the EU competition and consumer health and safety policy spheres) and on the extension of EU long-term residence to beneficiaries of international protection (falling under EU immigration policy). As analyzed in the latter chapters of the book, Maltas government has achieved varying degrees of success in its exercise of influence in these EU decision-making processes. Jean Micallef Grimaud is currently working for Maltas government at the Permanent Representation of Malta to the EU in Brussels as part of Maltas Council of the EU Presidency team. There he heads the Education, Youth, Culture, and Sports unit and will chair the Councils Education Committee during Maltas Presidency from January to June 2017. Previously, Jean held positions at the Office of Maltas Prime Minster and was a member of Maltas Diplomatic Corps between 2001 and 2009. He served as a First Secretary at the Permanent Representation of Malta to the European Union in Brussels from 2004 until 2009 where he held various positions - as a First Secretary on the EU Structural Funds (2004-2006), a member of the Cabinet of the Permanent Representative (2006-2008), and finally MERTENS (2008-2009) which is a position held by high ranking diplomats. Jean was awarded his doctorate degree from the Manchester Metropolitan University. His research focused on small state influence in the shaping stages of EU decision-making.
Todays world is complex and getting more so each day. Huge multinational corporations, international crisis and fast breaking events require most people to make decisions on a daily basis without the tools to understand the long term impact that todays decision might create. Because most people have never really been trained in how to make important complex decisions most people rely on experience, and gut reaction which is okay for many decisions, but not okay for decision that will have meaningful impact on organizations and individual. Decision makers need to develop the art and science of strategic decision making. Here, Professor Thomas Martin explains the need for decision makers to modify their thinking about how they deal with acquiring and analyzing information in each of the decision-making process steps. This approach requiring thinking modification will lengthen the process, make it more complex, and to some more arduous, but the comprehensiveness of the new thinking approach should lead to improved and more effective decision making. In this book, Dr. Martin presents a thinking modification framework that asserts that in the decision-making process, there are three situational states - a current state, future state, and a transitional state that one must deliberate in finding a solution. For each of these situational states, Martin develops an identical five-step process to determine the best decision to make. The steps of this process include: • Change-Needing Situational Analysis • Challenge Framing & Causal Analysis • Generating Solution Ideas • Choosing a Solution Set • Implementation and Aftermath Planning This book will appeal to decision makers, leaders, and students of management who want a specific framework that details the process behind making strategic, well-informed decisions. Dr. Thomas N. Martin, PhD is a Professor of Marketing and Management at the University of Nebraska at Omaha. His research interests include decision making, turnover and retention, and organizational management. He has been published in several publications, including Academy of Management Review, Journal of Vocational Behavior, Personnel Psychology, Human Relations, Organizational Dynamics, Business Process Management Journal, and Journal of Change Management.